contains audio tutorials which are linked to a dropbox account
(available either to listen to, or to download). Some may be
about how to use certain new features of the NVDA screen reader,
while others may be more generic. Please feel free to visit some
of my other pages for more tutorials.
tutorials have been made with various versions of NVDA (starting
with 2012.3 and onwards) as it develops and new features come
in. These were also made on a Windows 7 (64 bit) machine. If you
are running another version of Windows, the locations may be
The tutorials are aimed at helping users who are new to using
the NVDA screen reader with the most commonly used functions.
For more indepth information, please refer to the user manual.
material and phone support for NVDA from the NV Access online
Are you aware that NV Access
have put together an online Shop where you can buy training material for the NVDA screen reader?
You can also get phone support.
Please stay tuned for more training material
as it becomes available.
For more information please visit the NV
Access Online Shop at the following link https://www.nvaccess.org/shop/
To find an NVDA certified expert near you,
please visit the following link https://certification.nvaccess.org/.
The certification page contains the official list of NVDA
certified individuals from around the world, who have sat and
successfully passed the NVDA expert exam.
Have you got a good grasp on the NVDA screen
reader? Have you got what it takes to sit the NVDA expert
exam? You can test your knowledge for free. If you pass the
exam in the required time frame, then you can purchase an
official certificate and be acknowledged on the above webpage
under the list of worldwide NVDA experts.
out about NVDA progress via the nvaccess In Process blog
To find out what is happening within the NVDA
project, visit “In-Process” - the new NV Access blog,
where you can be informed of happenings within the organisation,
staff and of course, NVDA. http://www.nvaccess.org/category/in-process/
Click on any of the links
in the table below, to visit other NVDA related webpages that
may be of interest to you.
For a variety of NVDA related
resources from around the world, please visit the NVDA screen reader related
resources page at the following link NVDA screen reader related
video on the NVDA screen reader
If you are unsure what a screen reader is,
please click on the following link to listen to a promotional
video on the NVDA screen reader https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ks7AwV_uxO0&feature=youtu.be
Please feel free to pass this information onto others that you
think may be interested or who may want to find out more.
to/or reading the following tutorials, please make
sure you get your copy of NVDA
Before looking at the
following tutorials, make sure you have downloaded a copy of
the NVDA screen reader. To get the latest copy, please
and go to the downloads link. Download the programme and set
it up. Down the track, if you feel you have benefited from
NVDA, then donations (no matter how big or small) are always
welcome to keep the project free for everyone!
If you would like to know
when there is a release of NVDA (or just to keep up to date
with what is happening with the project from time to time),
you can join the NVDA announcement email list. It can be
found on the NVaccess website at http://www.nvaccess.org/news/
When you are there, jump down by headings (by pressing the
letter H) to a heading called News by email, and sign your
self up to keep up to date with what is happening.
used key combinations to start, exit and alter NVDA
The following commands are essential to
know in order to be able to start, exit and alter NVDA
settings. Ctrl + Alt + N will
start NVDA (installer version only)
Insert + N will get you into your
preferences menu (where you can make changes or access the
Ins + Q will exit NVDA (this is for
both the installer and portable versions)
Please note: Where it refers to the NVDA
key in the user manual, this can be the Insert key, the
extended Insert key, or the Caps Lock key. It is also known
as a modifier key. (For example, if the Insert key is used
as the modifier key, then you press Insert + the letter Q to
quit NVDA. If however you chose your Caps Lock key to be
your modifier key, then it would be Caps Lock + the letter Q
New notification from autoplay USB drive,
“select what happens with removable drives” message
This is another way of starting NVDA from a USB
stick by interacting with the autoplay menu.
Have you noticed that after upgrading to a
Windows 8 or 10 computer, that whenever you insert a USB
stick, you get the above message and do not know how to
interact with it?It
wants you to tap on the screen, but if you do not have a
touch screen device it will not happen that way. If I wanted
to start a copy of NVDA from a USB stick, I would do the
following. I would move a copy of NVDA 2017.2 (or higher)
onto the USB stick, making sure it is the package you
download from the NVACCESS website at http://www.nvaccess.org
You will need to move the file onto a USB
stick. Once you have moved the file onto the USB stick, you
will have to make sure that the security message does not
come up when you go to click or press Enter on the file at
startup. Do this by unchecking this option. When you press
the Enter key or click on it, it should start automatically
with the documentation screen and the three options that are
available to you. They are: install NVDA, make a portable
copy for a USB stick, or run as a temporary copy.
You can have other files and folders on your
USB stick, but make sure they do not start with the letter
Insert the USB stick into the USB hole on your
computer and you should hear two sounds. Just after the
second sound, make sure you press the Windows key + letter V
(for victory), then press the Enter key. A context menu will
come up. Press the letter O to open the folder, then press
the Enter key. You are now inside the USB stick. Now, press
the letter N (so the focus ends up on the NVDA 2017.2.exe
file) then press the Enter key. A couple of seconds later
NVDA should start up. You should hear a musical tune, then
after you have agreed to the documentation, you will be
given three options (1 to install NVDA to the computer, 2 to
make a USB copy onto a USB stick, and 3 to run as a
temporary copy). If you choose the first option, just follow
the directions to install the copy of NVDA. There will be a
talking installer that will speak out the steps, or you can
run NVDA as a temporary copy. Just minimize the screen and
use NVDA as usual.
If you do the above process too slow after the
second sound, the above process may not work and will have
to be repeated until you get NVDA up and running this way.
You will pick up pretty quickly when to do it. If you have a
copy of NVDA running on your computer, you can still use the
Windows key + V (for victory) after the second sound, then
press the Enter key to bring up the context menu. You can
then arrow down to make a choice.
To listen to an audio tutorial please go to the
How to install
NVDA to your computer using Narrator from the NVACCESS
will cover using Windows Narrator on a Windows 10 computer
where there is no copy of NVDA around anywhere. It will
cover: starting up Narrator, locating the Microsoft Edge
web browser, going to the location bar and entering in the
web address for NV access. Then, we will look at how to
locate the download link, download a copy of NVDA to your
computer and how to set it up.
tutorial was done I found out you could put Narrator into
scan mode where some quick navigation keys can be used on
a website. To put Narrator into scan mode, press the Caps
lock key + Spacebar to turn it on and off. When it is in
scan mode, you can use the Tab key, H for headings, I or K
for links and the letter D and P. Also, there is an audio
tutorial at the end of this written tutorial.
The easiest way
is to follow the basic tutorial to obtain a copy of NVDA
from the NV access website.
On your Windows
10 computer, start your copy of Narrator with the Windows
key + the Enter key (or you could type in Narrator into
the Windows run dialogue box by pressing the Windows key +
letter R). After pressing the Enter key, a message will
come up when it starts talking. Say yes to this message.
Next, press the Windows key + the letter M to minimize
everything on the screen.
You will need to
use the Tab key to move around the Windows 10 desktop.
When you start tabbing you will hear Narrator say start
button (etcetera). You will need to tab 3 or 4 times so
you can locate the Microsoft Edge browser. The left and
right arrow keys might be needed after tabbing to locate
it. When it is found, press the Enter key on it and the
browser should open. After it has opened, press the Ctrl
key + the letter L to get to the location bar. Backspace
it then type in the following http://www.nvaccess.org
then press the Enter key. When the NVACCESS webpage comes
up, it would be a good idea to use the Ctrl + Home key to
get to the top of the page. Next, you will
need to use the Tab key (until you hear Narrator say
downloads link) then press the Enter key.
downloads page comes up, you might need to go to the top
of the page again with Ctrl key + the Home key. Next, you
will need to use the Tab key until you hear Narrator say
currency converter. When you hear it spoken, tab again and
you will hear Narrator say radio button 30 dollars. Arrow
up until you hear Narrator say skip donation this time.
You should only have to arrow up once. Next, tab until you
hear narrator say this is a required field (this is just
past the privacy statement). You may have to arrow up and
down to find this box.
Next, enter in
your email address, then arrow to the download button,
then press the Enter key. A notification screen will come
up either to open it or download it to your computer. Use
the Alt key + the letter N. This should hopefully focus it
on the save button, which will download it to your
the Enter key or Spacebar to start the download. It will
now download a copy of NVDA to your computer. NVDA should
be downloaded to your Downloads folder on your computer.
This is the default folder for saving downloaded files in
press the Windows key and when it comes up in the search
box type Downloads, then press the Enter key. This should
put you in the Downloads folder. Locate the file (for
example NVDA 2016.4) then press the Enter key. There may
be a dialogue screen that might come up, if this is the
case tab to the run button then press the Enter key. You
will hear a musical tune come up and NVDA will start
talking as well along with Narrator. You do not have to
read the documentation screen so you can tab to the check
box and check it with the space bar to say you agree. Tab
again and you will be given 3 options. These are: to
install NVDA to your computer, to make a portable copy or
to run as a temporary copy. Pick the first option then
follow the directions to install NVDA to your computer. In
the case where the UAC screen comes up, unless it is in
focus it will not be spoken out. If NVDA seems like it is
taking too long to install, use the Alt key + the Tab key
to try and bring the UAC screen into focus. This might
have to be done a couple of times (if more than 2 windows
are open). When it does, tab to the yes button, then press
the Enter key and you will then hear a message saying NVDA
has been installed. Press the Enter key on the ok button
then NVDA should start up. If it is a totally fresh copy
of NVDA, you will also get a message asking you if you
want to set the Caps Lock key as a modifier key; and also
one asking you if you want the message box to show again.
If you do not want it to show again, it will need to be
unchecked. Next, tab to the ok button then press the Enter
key and NVDA will be ready to go. You should also hear a
startup sound and NVDA will start shortly after. You can
then use the Alt + Tab keys to bring up Narrator, then use
the Alt + F4 keys to close the copy of Narrator. Now, you
will only hear the voice of NVDA and not the two of them
You can focus
NVDA to the desktop by pushing the following shortcut
(which is the Windows key + the letter D).
If this is your
first time using NVDA and
if NVDA is not running, you can use the Alt + Ctrl key +
the letter N to start your copy of NVDA.
To get into the
preferences of NVDA (where you can make changes etcetera)
you can use the NVDA key + the letter N. This is also
where the user manual is located under the help section.
To quit your
copy of NVDA use the NVDA key + the letter Q. Where I
refer to the NVDA key this is a modifier key and can be
the Insert key, the extended Insert key or the Caps Lock
key. You will use one of these to quit your copy of NVDA
(for example the Insert key + the letter Q).
If you have an
earlier version of Windows, you could start up Windows
Narrator by pressing the Windows key + the letter R (to
bring up the Windows run dialogue box); then by typing in
Narrator, and pressing the Enter key. Narrator should come
To obtain your
copy of NVDA from the nvaccess website, it would be the
same sort of process as above, but you will need to locate
the Internet Explorer browser which is found on Windows
To listen to an
audio tutorial on how to install NVDA to your computer
using Narrator from the NVaccess website, please visit the
In the next release of NVDA 2018.2 and onwards,
the menu structure has changed from the menus that were under
the general settings through to the input gestures menu. These
are now either intergrated into the settings menu or found under
the settings menu.
Now, when NVDA is running and you press the NVDA key + letter N
to get into the menus, once you arrow down to preferences, then
right (to what used to be general settings) this is now called
settings. Pressing the NVDA key + letter N then the letter P
will take you to the settings menu. Press the Enter key on this
menu, and when the new settings menu comes up, it will give you
the options that you were used to. NVDA will default to the
General settings menu and then you can arrow down to the
document formatting menu or back up to where you came from. To
go into any of the menus, simply use the Tab key to go through
the different settings under that section. There is (after you
go through the settings) now an apply button for the settings to
take affect. After that is done, tab to the ok button. If you
press the Enter key on the ok button, it will close the menu
that you are on; but if you keep on tabbing, NVDA will take you
back to the General settings menu.
Under the settings menu is a Speech dictionaries menu,
Punctuation/symbol pronunciation menu and an Input gestures
These can be arrowed down to instead of going to the settings
menu. It may be a matter of either using the arrow keys to go
into one of these other menus, or pressing the Enter key.
Pressing any of the old shortcut keys that took you to the
previous menus still work - such as NVDA key + Ctrl key + the
letter G for General settings and so on.
How to tailor your
copy of NVDA before it is installed
The following tutorial will cover obtaining a
copy of NVDA from the NVAccess website, downloading it to your
computer and adjusting the settings before it is installed to
your computer. This might be in
the case of the voice rate being too quick, or you cannot
understand the default voice.
After a copy of NVDA has been installed to your computer, you
can use the NVDA key + the letter N to get into the preferences
of NVDA where you can adjust your settings. The NVDA key + the
letter Q will quit your copy of NVDA. Once your copy of NVDA has
been installed to your computer, press the Alt key + the Ctrl
key + the letter N to start your copy of NVDA (if it is not
This is a new feature that has been
integrated into NVDA. When the NVDA key and the letter Q have
been used to quit NVDA - it will give you 3 options before
NVDA is turned off. These will be to quit NVDA, restart NVDA
or to disable all add-ons in NVDA. Pick the option you want
(by arrowing up or down the combo box), then tab to the ok
button and that action will be performed.
This feature can be turned on or off through
the general settings section in NVDA...Show exit options when
exiting NVDA. To show the feature each time you want to close
NVDA, simply leave it checked, or just uncheck this option so
this feature is not shown when you exit NVDA.
If the disable NVDA addons option is chosen,
all add ons in NVDA will be disabled. To re-enable all of your
add ons again, simply restart NVDA.
If you are unsure about how to route your
mouse to an object then right click, please visit the section
navigating with a mouse in the user manual. For example, to
route your mouse to the object highlighted, press the Insert key
and the divide key (the divide key is above the number 8 on a
numeric keypad), this will route it to the area highlighted,
then right click with the multiply key on the numeric keypad
(which is above the numeric keypad number 9).
If and when you discover a bug in NVDA, you can
create a ticket and have it looked into. For a written tutorial
on the basics of making a ticket for NVACCESS please visit the
following link The
basics of making a ticket for NVACCESS
Some things to check if
NVDA does not start
In some cases, when you go to use either a USB
stick or a CD with NVDA on it, NVDA may not start. Here are some
things you can check:
The autoplay menu may be disabled on the
computer you are going to use.
There may be EXE blocking software
stopping NVDA from working. This is mainly found on
public networks or public access points.
You may be accidentally putting the disk
in upside down if using a CD.
You may not have followed directions
correctly and may be missing something or adding in things
that do not need to be in the file name or folder name.
An anti virus programme may be scanning
the file before loading it.
How to completely
uninstall NVDA from your computer
Sometimes there may be
cases where you need to completely uninstall NVDA from your
computer. This may be in the case where you have tried
reverting to a saved configuration back a few steps; or reset
configuration to factory defaults and the problem is still not
You would only really do
this if NVDA was not running correctly. You would only
uninstall NVDA fully if the above steps did not fix the
To completely uninstall
NVDA from your computer, you will need to do the following
You might need another
screen reader such as Narrator - which is found on all Windows
7, 8 and 10 computers - to be started and used while you
remove NVDA, as of course NVDA cannot be used to remove
Older versions of
Narrator could be started with the Windows key + Enter key
where much newer versions use the Caps lock key + Windows key
+ the Enter key. Narrator can also be found under the Ease of
Some people might even
have a copy of NVDA (on a USB stick) that is not corrupted and
may be able to use it to completely uninstall the installed
copy of NVDA from their computer. They can then reinstall it
from that good copy of NVDA.
Press the Windows key,
and in the search box type the words “control panel”. Windows
will come up with a list of search results and one of them
should be the control panel. Press the Enter key on it, and
you will be taken into the control panel itself.
On a Windows 10 machine,
you will need to locate the program and features icon, then
press the Enter key to go into it. In older versions of
Windows, you might be looking for an add/remove programs icon.
The screen reader then should land on a list of programs on
your computer. Locate the reference to NVDA and you should
hear the following A; Publisher: NV Access; Installed On:
6/18/2018; Version: 2018.2.1. The version number of NVDA will
depend on what you have installed.
Next, use the
applications key (while still on the NVDA reference) and a
context menu will come up. It will then give you the option to
uninstall/change. Press the Enter key on this menu and NVDA
will be uninstalled from your computer.
If your computer does
not have an applications key, you can use the Shift and F10
keys to bring up this context menu.
Now, to completely
uninstall NVDA settings altogether, press the Windows key +
the letter R. When the run dialogue comes up, type in the
following %appdata% then press the Enter key. You should hear
the following when you go into this section: Roaming Window. Here
it will give you a list of folders. Locate the folder that
refers to NVDA, then delete it from that section. Use the Alt
key + F4 key to close this window.
you go to reinstall NVDA to your computer, make sure that
the copy of NVDA you are using is not corrupted. It is
advisable to grab a new copy of NVDA from NVACCESS first,
and download it to your computer then install it from that
There may be times when
an add on might cause problems with NVDA. It could be the last
add on you have installed that is causing the problem; or it
may be one that was passed onto you. There are a couple of
ways to troubleshoot to see if it is an add on causing it.
You could disable one
add on at a time, or do them all at once.
To disable all the add
ons at once (while NVDA is running) use the NVDA key + letter
Q. A dialogue will come up and NVDA will default to the exit
option. It is a combo box. Next, arrow down until you hear
NVDA say “Restart with add-ons disabled”,then tab to the OK
button, then press the Enter key. Now all your add ons are
your add ons one by one, (to try and track down the add-on
causing the problem), while NVDA is running, press the NVDA
key + letter N. Next, arrow down to the tools menu and a sub
menu will come off it. Arrow down again until you hear NVDA
say manage add ons, then press the Enter key. The add on
manager will appear and NVDA will default to the very first
add on you have there. As you arrow down this list you will
hear they have been disabled. You can then re-enable one add
on at a time, testing to see which one caused the problem.
To re-enable one add on
at a time, locate the add on, then tab to the enable add on
button and press the Enter key. After you have found the add
on causing the problem, you can then remove it. Locate the
remove button then follow the directions to remove the add on.
Make sure that after you have finished in the add on manager,
that you tab to the close button (to close the add on manager)
then press the Enter key.
This will restart NVDA.
Always check for the
latest add-on as it may have been fixed in an update.
How to access safe
mode in Windows and exit it with the NVDA screen reader by
What is safe
Safe mode is a
troubleshooting option for Windows that starts your computer
in a limited state. Only the basic files and drivers necessary
to run Windows are started. Safe mode is useful for
troubleshooting problems with programs and drivers that might
not start correctly or that might prevent Windows from
After it has been
installed it will allow you to use NVDA in safe mode. This has
been tested on a Windows 7 and Windows 10 machine and with
quite a few different sound cards.
Directions to go into and out of
safe mode in Windows
You can reboot in to safe
mode by doing the following:
Press Windows plus R and
type msconfig and hit Enter
Press Ctrl plus Tab to get
to the "boot tab"
Tab to "safe boot" and
check the check mark/check box.
Tab to "base video" and
check it as well.
Tab to the apply button. Press Enter (or spacebar).
Tab to the OK button and
press it. You should get a prompt to restart the computer to
apply the changes.
If you select "restart
now" your PC should restart into safe mode.
Please note: When the
registry patch has been installed, when you go into safe mode,
you will have
sound and be able to use the NVDA screen reader.
Message you will get while
in safe mode
To confirm you are in safe mode, you can use the NVDA key +
letter B. Below is the type of message you will get as an
example on a Windows 10 machine.
Safe Mode Microsoft (R)
Windows (R) (Build 16299.rs3_release.170928-1534) Safe Mode
After finishing your PC job with safe mode,
do the same steps above, but this time uncheck the two check
boxes above for both safe boot, and base video. Tab to apply and press
Enter. Tab to OK and press Enter (or spacebar) and restart.
Your PC will restart to the normal mode.
- Using Narrator to get NVDA up and running when
autoplay menus are not enabled
Windows Narrator can be launched when the autoplay menu (needed
to run NVDA from a CD) is not enabled in Windows. This could be
from either a CD or a USB stick. You may find it a lot easier to
get your copy of NVDA up and running this way. Even though
Windows Narrator is a very basic screen reader, it is however
useful in some cases. One of these cases is starting Windows
Narrator so you can get a copy of NVDA running from a USB stick
or CD. Launching Windows Narrator is also a good way to see what
is happening on your computer screen via audible feedback, until
you get NVDA up and running from whichever media you are using.
There are a couple of different ways to start a copy of Windows
Narrator. One of these ways is to start Windows Narrator through
the ease of access centre. The ease of access centre is found on
Windows 7, 8 and 8.1 computers. To launch the ease of access
centre in Windows (once Windows has started up fully), and the
desktop is showing; Press the Windows key and the letter U. This
will bring up the ease of access centre. Arrow down once to the
first option. This is the Windows Narrator option. Press the
Enter key and Windows Narrator will begin talking. You may like
to make some adjustments if they are needed (such as the speed
of the voice).
The other alternatives on a Windows 7 machine, are when you
press the Windows key (to bring up the start menu); in the
search box type in the word Narrator, then press the Enter key.
A couple of seconds later Windows Narrator should come up
You can also get Windows Narrator up and running on a Windows 8
and 8.1 machine as well. When you press the Windows key (to
bring up the Windows 8 metro screen), type in the word Narrator,
then press the Enter key. This will bring up a copy of Windows
Narrator as well. Again, if you need to make any
adjustments to Windows narrator, you can do this at this point
(for example the speed of the voice etcetera).
Next, minimize Windows Narrator (with the Windows key and the
letter M). This will minimize all windows on the computer. Next,
insert either your USB stick (with a copy of NVDA on it), or
your CD (that didn't autorun when inserted). If there are no
autoplay menus that come up, you will need to navigate to the
section where your drives are. For example C: drive D: drive and
so on. The naming of this section may vary from Windows 7 to
Windows 8.1. (For example it is called "computer" on Windows 7,
and " this pc" on Windows 8.1). On most computers, there is a
shortcut to the relevant section. The Windows key and the
letter E should quickly get you into this section on your
computer as well.
Once you have located this section, arrow down to the "devices
with removable storage" section and locate your drive. (For
example the D:\ could be your CD/DVD rom if you inserted a disc,
or the E:\ , F:\ , or G:\ drive etcetera might be your USB
stick. Once it is found, press the Enter key. This will take you
inside the drive. Remember to label your USB stick or CD
something relevant, so that it is easy to find when you need it.
If for example you only had the one file on your USB stick, and
it was called NVDA 2014.3.exe, then it would be a matter of
finding it (making sure it is highlighted) and pressing the
Enter key on it to start a copy of NVDA; (where it gives you the
3 options as follows: 1 to install to your computer, 2 to make a
portable copy or 3 to run as a temporary copy).
Depending upon which media you use, and which way you set up
your USB stick or CD, will depend on which way you start it.
(For example if only the NVDA_2014.3.exe file was used, then you
would click on that file. If a folder was used called NVDA, then
it would be the nvda.exe file you would click on). It may depend
if a start.bat file was used and so on, and how it was set up
either on your USB stick or CD.
Once NVDA is up and running , then just do a quick Alt/Tab to
bring up the Windows Narrator programme and turn it off.
Please also see my other NVDA tutorials on starting NVDA from a
USB stick or CD to discover other ways of getting NVDA to start.
- How to revert changes in NVDA
From time to time you might get yourself into
trouble. This may be something as simple as accidentally
changing your language from your preferred language to another
one you don't understand (for example changing it from English
to a foreign language). The menus may still be in English but
you will hear NVDA speak in the other language.
- How to reset your language settings in NVDA
Once in a blue moon you may accidentally
change your default language to another that you don't
understand. When this happens and the language is changed from
English to another (under the language settings in the general
settings section in NVDA) this will also change the menus from
English to that language. It is hard enough hearing another
language you do not understand, but also having the menus in
that language makes it even harder to work out what to do.
If this ever happens to you, you could always try the following.
While NVDA is running, press the Insert key + Ctrl key + the
letter G (altogether). This will bring up the general settings
section in NVDA. NVDA will default to the language combo box.
Press the letter U (until you hopefully hear the words User
defaults), and once you do, tab down to the OK button, and press
the Enter key. A dialogue box will appear. You need to tab to
the OK button, and press Enter again on this and NVDA will
restart (so that the language reverts back to your user default
If you do not hear the words "user defaults" (because they are
being spoken in a foreign language) there are only 2 other
languages starting with the letter U and user defaults makes it
3. Press the letter U until it lands on one starting with the
letter U. One of them will be the user defaults one. You may
have to repeat the process up to 3 times before you find the
user defaults language, Tab to the OK button, and then press the
Enter key to revert it back. This may not be spoken in English
when you are doing this. NVDA will have to be restarted. Just
say yes to this (by pressing the OK button and pressing Enter)
and you should be good to go again.
This is the easiest way to do it (via the general
settings/language combo box). The same idea could be used to
find your preferred language (for example English). You would
simply press the first letter of your language (for example E
for English, F for French, D for Dutch and so on).
- Some things to try if you have no speech from
NVDA in Windows
some cases, you might ask someone to do some work on your
computer. In a lot of cases, the person helping might mute the
sound coming out of the computer. This is usually done through
the notification area under the speaker volume section (by
checking the checkbox to mute the master volume sound). Some
multimedia keyboards also have a mute button on the keyboard,
and when pressed will mute the sound. Pressing this button
again will unmute the sound, so it may be a good idea to mark
the button just in case it is also accidently hit.
some cases, they might simply turn off the speakers, or turn
down the volume on the speakers. Check the on/off button first
to see if they are turned off; next adjust the volume by
turning it to the right to try and get sound out of them.
also the mute button on the keyboard if you are aware of it.
for any reason NVDA starts up without speech, it may be
because a trial version of a synthesiser package has ended,
and may have put NVDA into a no speech mode. If this happens,
press the NVDA key + Ctrl key + the letter S. This will bring
up the synthesiser settings menu. Next, press the letter E, so
NVDA lands on the E speak synthesiser package. Tab twice to
the ok button, then press the Enter key and NVDA should change
to that package. You could also try toggling NVDA, just in
case the person set NVDA to speech mode off. Use the NVDA key
+ the letter S to try and toggle it back until you hear NVDA
say speech mode talk. If for any reason NVDA crashes and you
find NVDA is no longer talking, press the Alt key + Ctrl key +
the letter N. This will restart NVDA from the crash.
could even ask the person helping you to just turn off NVDA
(with the NVDA key + the letter Q), so all you have to do is
start NVDA again when he/she is finished.
the steps above don’t work, then try using the step below to
see if it works.
the Windows key + the letter R to bring up the Windows run
type in sndvol, then press the Enter key.
will bring up the volume control speakers panel. For example:
Volume Mixer - Speakers (High Definition Audio Device).
will land on the volume slider. Tab once; this should land
NVDA on the mute check box. Press the space bar once, and the
checkbox should be unmuted. You should hear NVDA start
the speakers in the last step worked on a Windows 7 machine,
as well as a Windows 10 machine. This might work on other
versions of Windows.
- NVDA says “unknown” or “pane” in all of your browsers,
Mozilla Thunderbird email client and other places
If for some reason
you have problems with NVDA saying “unknown” or “pane” check
for the following symptoms:
In all of your
browsers, or the Mozilla Thunderbird email client, no
matter what you do, you still hear “unknown” or “pane”.
browser, email client and other menus you notice you
cannot get into your menus, or you are unable to use the
quick navigation keys
When you have
been told the page is loaded and notice strange
Thunderbird saying unknown while you try to navigate it
applications key does not work with it being spoken out
and other strange behaviour in Windows
applications icons are not being spoken out
might be a good idea to do the following:
If you are hearing “unknown” or “pane” (as discussed above)
NVDA might seem like it is still working properly but it may
not be completely in Windows and other programmes.
You could try the
following solution which will allow you to re-register your
dll files in case they are causing the problem.
Windows key then type the following into the search box.
Type in “command prompt”. Once you have located command
prompt, in the search results, press the Applications key
to bring up the context menu. Arrow down to select “run as
administrator” and press the Enter key. This will take you
to a command prompt window. This will not be spoken out.
You may need sighted assistance for this.
Type in the
for %x in
(c:\windows\system32\*.dll) do regsvr32 /s %x
re-register all components in the system32 folder.
When it is
finished, you can close the command prompt window with the
Alt + F4 key. You should notice now where NVDA was saying
“unknown” as in some examples given, NVDA should now read
the icons in the running applications area of Windows, speak
the content of the webpage and menus, and also in Mozilla
Thunderbird and other places in Windows including the
Windows applications context menu.
Registration Fixing tool
If you are getting any of the following
problems below - with Windows unregistering some of the files
needed by NVDA - the following tool section in NVDA will get
you out of trouble. To access this tool press the NVDA key +
letter N while NVDA is running. Arrow down to the tools menu.
A submenu will come up. Arrow down to the menu called Run COM
Registration Fixing tool... then press the Enter key. It
should register the files needed by NVDA.
2016.1, there has been a new feature put into NVDA. This
feature can be found under the synthesizer settings section
in NVDA. To quickly get to this menu, press the Ctrl
key + NVDA key + the letter S.
When this menu
is first opened, NVDA will land on the supported
synthesizers section. You can use your up or down arrow keys
to change to another synthesizer. The same can be done for
the other combo boxes below.
The next time
you tab it will land you on the output section where you can
output the audio to a headphone or speakers etc. The next
time you tab, NVDA will land on the audio ducking mode
section. It is a matter of changing the settings to how you
would like to hear it.
On Windows 8
and above, this option allows you to choose if NVDA should
lower the volume of other applications while NVDA is
speaking, or all the time while NVDA is running.
• No Ducking:
NVDA will not lower the volume of other audio
• Duck when
outputting speech and sounds: NVDA will only lower the
volume of other audio when NVDA is speaking or playing
sounds. (This may not work for all synthesizers)
• Always duck:
NVDA will keep the volume of other audio lower the whole
time NVDA is running
There is a
shortcut to toggle between these modes (which is) the NVDA
key + Shift + D.
this feature is only available in the installer version of
NVDA 2016.1 and onwards.
Most screen reader users don't use a mouse.
They usually rely on other ways of getting to certain areas of a
programme (for example object navigation or the new review modes
Being able to move a physical mouse around the screen, will let
you get to parts of the screen a lot easier, rather than using
other ways of getting to the same place. For example clicking on
the close window with a mouse (compared to using object
People who have low vision may want to use a physical mouse to
click on different things on the screen. NVDA may have some
features that may be of interest to you when using a physical
mouse (for example mouse tracking). When mouse tracking is
turned on in NVDA, as the physical mouse is moved around the
screen, NVDA will read what is under the mouse. For example
Computer, Internet Explorer and so on. To turn on mouse tracking
in NVDA, you can use the Insert key and the letter M.
To turn off mouse tracking, just repeat the process. You
will notice the difference between what is spoken when mouse
tracking is enabled, and when mouse tracking is turned off. This
can also be checked under the mouse settings section in NVDA. To
quickly get to the mouse settings section in NVDA, press the
Ctrl key + the Insert key + the letter M. This will bring up the
mouse settings menu for you to make these changes.
When "enable mouse tracking" is turned on under this section, it
will give you the following options:
Text unit resolution The unit of text spoken depends on
which text unit resolution it is set to. Text unit resolution
has 4 options available. If the text unit resolution is set to
"character", it will only read a character. If the text unit
resolution is set to "word" it will read out a word at a time.
Again, if the text unit resolution is set to "sentence" it
will read out a sentence at a time. Lastly, if the text unit
resolution is set to "paragraph", it will read out a paragraph
at a time. This may also depend how a page or web page is set
out as to what is spoken out.
Play audio coordinates When "play audio coordinates
when mouse moves" is enabled (along with "enable mouse
tracking") will give out audible tones. As you move the mouse
around the screen, you will hear the tones go higher as you go
up the screen, and lower as you go down the page. When you move
the mouse to the left, you will hear these tones more out of the
left speaker, and when the mouse is moved to the right, the
tones will come out of the right speaker. This feature may help
people who rely more on sound to hear where they are moving the
mouse on the screen. This can be enabled under the mouse
settings menu in NVDA. You will need to check the checkbox that
says play audio cordinates when mouse moves.
Brightness controls audio coordinates volume If the
checkbox "brightness controls audio coordinates volume" is
checked, (along with "enable mouse tracking" and "play audio
coordinates when mouse moves") then the volume of the
audio coordinate beeps is controlled by how bright the screen
colour is under the mouse. For example, if your mouse moves over
black then the volume is low, and if it moves over a lighter
colour such as white, then the volume increases. This setting is
unchecked by default.
Exercise: Try changing the above features such as text unit
resolution, audio co-ordinates, brightness controls volume and
mouse tracking and see if you can hear the difference within the
portable copy of NVDA or postponing it to a later date
In the next release of NVDA 2018.2 there are 2
features to look out for. The first is (if you have a portable
copy of NVDA 2018.2 and above - and a folder on your hard drive
called NVDA - or whatever you have called it); you will notice
that when you go to update NVDA, it will now download the update
to that folder which you specified. After it has been downloaded
it will then give you the option to install it or postpone it to a
later date. If the postpone one is picked it will leave it to a
later date to install it. To install the update after it has been
postponed, make sure the copy of NVDA is running, then press the
NVDA key + letter N. Arrow down to pending updates, then press the
Enter key. It will then install the update to NVDA, and give you a
message at the end to say that it has been installed and updated.
Now when you check, you will notice that you will have the latest
update of NVDA. This is on your portable copy that you have on
your hard drive, for example c:\nvda.
This will also work if on a USB stick, you have a copy of NVDA and
you have specified a folder name such as NVDA. You will notice
also when you go to update this copy, it will install the updates
to your USB stick. You can then either install it straight
away or postpone it to a later date. Please see above how to
install a pending update to NVDA. If using an installer
version of 2018.2 or above, you can also postpone the updates as
Notify for pending updates on startup
If this is enabled, NVDA will inform you when there is a pending
update on startup, offering you the possibility to install it.
This setting can be found under the general settings section. You
can also manually install the pending update from near the Exit
NVDA menu (if enabled), or when you perform a new check from
the Help menu.
For those who want to try out the new repackaged add-ons for NVDA
2012.2 and beyond, please visit the following page at https://addons.nvda-project.org/index.en.html
There will be more add-ons coming as they get converted across to
the new format.
tutorial on how to install and remove addons (from
version 2013.2 onwards)
Disabling and enabling of addons in NVDA (from version 2016.3 onwards)
Under the “manage add on” section (where you can
see which add on/s you have installed) a new “disable/enable
add on” button has been put in. If for any reason you have
trouble with any of your add on/s, and you are trying to
figure which one it might be, they can be disabled one by one.
It is a matter of locating an add on, then tabbing to the
disable button, then pushing the Enter key. You will then need
to tab to the close button, and press the Enter key. NVDA will
need to be restarted for the add on to be disabled. Say yes,
and NVDA will be restarted with the add on disabled.
You can do this one by one to see which add on
might be causing the problem.
If you have located the add on causing the
problem, it can be removed. Any of the addons that were
disabled can be re-enabled quickly by going to each add on,
then tabbing to the enable addon button, then pressing the
Enter key. Next, tab to the close button, then press the Enter
key. NVDA will need to be restarted, so say yes and NVDA will
be restarted and the add on will now be re-enabled.
provide assistance to another NVDA user (using the
NVDA Remote Support add-on)
Remote Support is an add-on that allows another NVDA user to
assist you (or allows you to assist another NVDA user) over the
internet while you are both using NVDA.Both
people will need a copy of NVDA installed on their computer. If
they have not got a copy of NVDA a copy can be obtained from http://www.nvaccess.org
people using NVDA will also need to ensure that the Remote
Support add-on for NVDA is installed. You can obtain the add-on
from the following web page http://nvdaremote.com/download/
add-on must be installed on both people’s copies of NVDA,
otherwise they will not be able to remote into one another’s
will of course also need internet access, so no matter where in
the world they are, you will be able to provide assistance to
them (or them to you).
assistance from another person using NVDA (via the
Remote Support add-on)
the remote computer - the person needing assistance – you will
need to allow your machine to be controlled by doing the
NVDA is running and the NVDA remote support add-on is installed,
press the NVDA key and
the letter N until you hear the NVDA menu. Arrow down
to tools (you will
hear sub menu). Next arrow right, then down to the NVDA
remote support add-on (you will hear NVDA say remote sub menu), then
press the Enter key.
A sub menu will come up. Locate the Connect menu, then
press the Enter key
again. When the next screen comes up, you will need to do the
following. NVDA should default to the Client radio button.
It will say checked button. Leave it on this setting. Next, tab once. Here it
should give you some options. For example, Control another
machine. You will need to arrow down until you hear NVDA say Allow this machine to be
controlled. Tab again until you hear NVDA say Host. In this editable
box type the following server name nvdaremote.com
again and you will hear NVDA say Key. Here you can make
up a unique key. It is wise to at least have 7 digits in it.
This key that you are entering will need to be given to the
person who is going to help you. This can be done via phone,
text, email and so on. If you don’t want to make a key, one can
be generated for you. Just tab once more until you hear generate key button.
Press the Enter key
on this button and a 7 digit number will be generated for you.
As mentioned above, this same key must be sent to the person
helping you (so that they enter that exact same number on their
end). Tab down to the ok
button and press the Enter
key. This will connect your copy of NVDA to the server. You
should hear a beep.
assistance to another person using NVDA (via the
Remote Support add-on)
person providing assistance to youon
the controlling computer will need to do the following on
their copy of NVDA running and the add-on installed, they will
need to press the NVDA
key + the letter N. When the NVDA menu comes up,
arrow down until you hear NVDA say tools sub menu. Next
arrow right, then down until you hear
NVDA say remote.
Press the Enter key
and a sub menu will come up. Locate the connect menu, then
press the Enter key.
When the next screen comes up, they will need to do the
following. NVDA should default to the client radio button.
You should hear NVDA say it is checked. Leave it on this
setting. Next, tab
once until you hear NVDA say Control another machine radio button checked.
Leave it on this setting. If it is not on this setting use the
up or down arrow keys to change it to this setting. Tab again
until you hear NVDA say host.
This is an editable box and the following will have to be typed
once more and you will hear NVDA say key. The key the other person has sent
you will need to be put into this editable box (for
example, they may give you the following 7 digit number
will then need to tab
down to the ok
button and press the Enter
key. You should hear a beep when it is connected to the server.
both sides are connected you should hear some beeps. The person
who is trying to help you is on the controlling computer. He
will need to use the F11
key to remote into your computer. (It should say sending keys). There
are no visuals to rely on, only what is said by the remote
screen reader. You should be able to move around the remote
desktop. To go back to your own desktop, press the F11 key again and it
will put you back onto your own desktop. (It should state stop sending keys).
NVDA Remote Support add-on session
you have finished the session with the person you have helped,
both of you will need to disconnect from the server. Press the NVDA key + the letter N.
When the NVDA menu comes up, arrow down to tools
(it should say tools sub menu), then right arrow, then down arrow to the remote support menu
(it should say remote submenu). Press the right arrow key, then
down arrowto disconnect. Press
the Enter key on
both sides and you will be disconnected from each other.
For help on
the NVDA Remote Support add-on
This add-on is under review by the community and once approved
will be located easier under the NVDA add-ons website. For more
information on how to use this add-on locate the NVDA remote
support add-on under the NVDA add-ons manager, then tab until you hear help button. Press the
Enter key on this
button, and it will give you more information about this add-on.
This audio tutorial will show you the basics of
how to use the OCR addon with NVDA. For better results, the screen
must be maximized and in focus. For much better results you can
use the OCR function with your scanner if you have one to convert
it to text. Another alternative is sending the blank pdf or jpeg
to a website to be converted. For example http://www.sensusaccess.com/
Learning about some useful
Windows shortcut keys to speed up navigation
This audio tutorial is for learning the basics
about shortcut keys (such as how to use them, and how to find them
on your operating system). Shortcut key combinations and their
functions are covered. Once you have mastered some of these
shortcut key combinations, you will find that it actually speeds
up your navigation and completion time of tasks. The file can be
found at https://www.dropbox.com/s/xhxc7c0j91pzbbk/useful%20windows%20shortcut%20keys.MP3?dl=0
Most modern browsers now have tab browsing as a
feature in them. Tab browsing allows you to have up to 9 different
websites open in tabs. This allows you to compare prices on items
in different websites that are selling the same product. (For
example comparing the price or specifications of a new computer at
up to 9 different retailers).
To do tab browsing in your browser (if supported like Mozilla
Firefox or Internet Explorer) once the browser is open, press the
Ctrl key and the letter T. This will bring up a new tab and in the
location bar (once cleared), you can type the new web address. You
can have up to 9 tabs open.
To swap between the tabs in the browser, press the Ctrl key and
the number 1 on the main keyboard to return to the first tab that
you opened. If 5 tabs are open, repeat the process, but instead
this time, press the Ctrl key and the number 2. This will
take you to the second tab. Repeat the process again to go to the
third tab - but this time with the Ctrl key and the number 3. You
can jump between tabs in any order for example Ctrl + 2 followed
by Ctrl + 4 and so on. It will remember the order in which you
opened the tabs.
To go back and forth between pages on each website (once you have
selected a tab, clicked on a link and gone into a page), the Alt
key and the left arrow key will take you back a page. To return to
the page you were previously on (which is the second page), the
Alt key and the right arrow key will do this. Please note, if you
have gone in 5 pages on the website by clicking on various links,
you will need to use the Alt key and the left arrow key to take
you back to the first page that you were on in that website. If a
page doesn't load, use the F5 key to reload the page.
reporting of formatting information in a supported
document in browse mode
If the NVDA
key + the letter F is only pressed once, it will quickly
report the formatting information in a supported document.
If the NVDA
key + the letter F is pressed twice, the formatting
information will be brought up in a small window. This will
put NVDA into browse mode; (this is where you can use the up
and down arrow keys to review the formatting information
line by line, word by word or character by character). When
finished reviewing the formatting information, simply press
the Escape key for the window to disappear and return to the
Please note: This
feature is available from 2016.2 onwards.
NVDA's browse mode, focus mode and elements list with
In Microsoft Office packages 2007 and onwards,
there is a new feature that NVDA can use in Microsoft Word. It
allows you to use browse mode in Microsoft Word. In short, it will
let you use browse mode in an editable document. When a word
document has been typed up and formatted correctly, NVDA can
either interact with the document using focus mode (for example
delete words or make changes within the document); or it can be
changed from focus mode to the browse mode. If the editable
document has been done correctly, while in browse mode it will let
you jump down the pages with supported single letter navigation
keys (for example, H for headings, K for links, T for tables and
To change to browse mode from focus mode simply use the Insert key
and the spacebar. When it changes to browse mode the single letter
navigation keys can be used. If the single letter navigation keys
are not supported, you will hear this spoken out (for example
these keys are not supported).
When you go back into the editable mode, you will hear NVDA say it
has gone into focus mode. This is where you can make changes in
the document that need to be done. To go back to browse mode,
simply use the Insert key and the spacebar again.
NVDA also allows you to bring up the elements list while in browse
mode using the Insert + F7 keys. If there are links, headings or
annotations on that page, then these will be listed if formatted
correctly. Once you have pressed Insert + F7 you will hear
elements list dialogue. It will default to a tree view list of
links. It will list all links in that document if any. You can
also then shift tab once which will take you to type. Then either
arrow up and down to get to headings or annotations or links. Once
you have selected which item you wish to look at, you can tab and
it will put you into the tree view list for that item (for example
headings) if any are available. Simply press the Enter key on the
one that you want and it will take you straight to that section.
Single letter navigation and the elements list will only work in
browse mode, and only in supported documents (for example a doc
In Microsoft Excel, you can now
use the Elements List (NVDA + F7) to allow listing of charts,
comments and formulas. To use support for reading charts in
Microsoft Excel, select the chart using the Elements List (NVDA
+ F7) and then use the arrow keys to move between the data
Putting newly made E speak
voices into the right folder
This audio tutorial will show you the basics on
how to add extra voices to NVDA. How they are added will depend on
how each one needs to be installed. This is the manual way. Some
can be clicked on and automatically set up, while others need to
be put into the correct folders manually (such as the Pico and
Festival voices). The file can be found at https://www.dropbox.com/s/ndlop6ko5nob570/adding%20extra%20voices%20to%20nvda.MP3?dl=0
How to install plugins
and app modules within NVDA
When you are having information read back to
you, you may have different preferences in terms of how you would
like those punctuation symbols announced. For example, a dot may
be read as dot, period, or fullstop; and a hash symbol may also be
known as a number symbol. This will depend on which country you
come from. NVDA allows you to choose terms that you are
familiar with. The file can be found at https://www.dropbox.com/s/znyjqz4rhgl1xr4/renaming%20punctuation%20symbols.MP3?dl=0
How to add and
remove an input gesture (also known as a shortcut
From NVDA 2015.1 onwards, under the input
gestures menu, there is a new search feature. This will allow you
to search for specific commands that NVDA uses, for example: how
to quit NVDA, or how to find out how much battery power you have
left on your laptop, and so on. It may also be useful if you can't
think of what the command was to do that task.
When you have navigated to the input gestures menu, then pressed
the Enter key, all of the commands that are available to NVDA can
be found here . To quickly find a command in this section, just
use the Shift/Tab key once. This will put you into the "filter by"
section. Next, type in what you want to look for (as in a
command). For example, the word battery, quit, profiles, sleep
Next, tab the once, and it will come up with all results that meet
the search criteria.
There may be no results for your search, or there could be a
couple of them. Your search results will depend on what you type
in initially. Use your arrow keys to navigate the list of returned
results in the tree view, until you find the command you are
after. The results will come up with all commands that meet that
criteria. This feature helps you find commands quickly that you
might not use that often.
note that Flat review has been replaced with object,
document and screen review modes. Object review reviews text
just within the navigator object; document review reviews
all text in a browse mode document (if any - such as an html
or pdf file); and screen review reviews text on the screen
for the current application.
navigator object automatically follows the review cursor. It
remains the deepest object at the position of the review
cursor (when in document or screen review modes).
will stay in screen
review mode until
you change it to another review mode.
may automatically switch between document or object review mode
- depending on
whether you are moving around a browse mode document or not.
This is another way of
starting NVDA via the desktop. This will also give you 3
options (for example: install NVDA to your computer, make
a portable copy of NVDA or simply run NVDA as a temporary
In some cases, when you insert your USB stick into the USB
hole, the autoplay menu will be activated and NVDA can be
started that way. If the autoplay menu comes up, it will
assign a letter (for example the G drive). Press the
Escape key to make that autoplay menu disappear.
Where there are cases where the autoplay menu doesn't come
up on your computer (when your USB stick is
inserted), locate the Computer icon/shortcut on your
desktop, then press the Enter key. When the next screen
comes up, locate the drive that was specified (for example
the G drive). If the autoplay menu doesn't come up and
assign a drive letter, you should be able to locate it
under this section (for example C:\ drive D:\ drive and so
on). Your USB stick will be found under the
removable media section.
Once the removable media has been located, the USB stick
should be labelled (so that it can be started easily via
the desktop at a later date). Route your mouse to the USB
stick. Use the Insert key and the divide key to do this.
(The divide key is on your numeric keypad). Next, you will
have to right click the mouse. This is done by
pressing the multiply key (also found on the numeric
keypad). A context menu will come up, and when it does,
arrow down to the format menu and press the Enter key. The
next screen that comes up will give you some of the
following options. (Only a couple of these will be used).
You will need to tab to the section that says volume
label. If there is nothing, type in the following letters
qqq. This will assign a label to the USB stick (which will
be qqq). Under one of the sections here, you can also
assign the type of file system that you want ( for example
Fat 32, NTFS and so on). You will also need to format your
USB stick after you have done the label. This will
help keep the settings you have made on it.
Once done, tab to the close button.
Next, a start.bat file will need to be created (so when
the start.bat file is pressed, it will start a copy of
NVDA for you). This, (once it has been created) will also
need to be put onto the USB stick. You will need to bring
up a programme like notepad, and once opened, paste in the
following line of information:
Once done, save it as a start.bat file. Rename this file
to qqq.bat, then press the Enter key for it to be saved as
that filename. Next, move that file onto your USB stick (
for example the G:\ drive).
For those of you who are not confident enough to make your
own bat file, or who would prefer to use one that has
already been made for this version (2014.2 only), please
click on the following file https://www.dropbox.com/s/vqvh2kqi1vejtfb/qqq.zip?dl=0
You will need to click on this link to download the
qqq.zip file. Once you have done that, unzip it and save
it to your USB stick. Please see the section below about
updating this file as needed at a later date.
Next, download a copy of NVDA 2014.2 (and when it is
clicked on for the first time a security warning will come
up). Untick the check box with the spacebar, then tab to
the run button and press the Enter key. When the next
screen comes up and you have agreed to the documentation
(using the space bar to check the check box), when you
next Tab it will take you to the section of that programme
(which gives you the three options). Make any changes you
wish to, and save your settings. Use the Alt + F4 key to
close that screen. Move the file to your USB stick. (For
example the NVDA 2014.2 file will have to be moved to your
USB stick). Make sure that before you do this, the
security warning dialogue doesn't come up, otherwise this
will not work.
Next, unplug your USB stick, and if the autoplay menu
comes up, just press the Escape key for it to disappear.
This is more based as a tutorial when this menu doesn't
come up. You can jump to the desktop using a shortcut key.
For example the Windows key and the letter D. Once there,
press the letter C and hopefully the computer
icon/shortcut will be the only one there. Press the Enter
key, and when the next screen comes up (which will show
the drives on your computer), press the letter Q. This
will jump straight to the removable drive which you had
labelled earlier. It doesn't matter what drive letter it
comes up as (on another computer) as when you press the
letter Q it will go straight to that drive letter you had
labelled before hand (that is qqq). Press the Enter key,
and the drive will be opened. Press the letter Q again and
this will land on the file you had renamed beforehand (for
example from start.bat to qqq.bat). Press the enter key
and NVDA will start for you.It will now give you those 3
options as mentioned beforehand ( for example install NVDA
to your computer and so on).
NVDA via the Desktop using Windows 8 or Windows
After you have labeled your USB stick
qqq and followed the directions to put both the start.bat
file and NVDA onto a USB stick, it is slightly different
to start NVDA on a Windows 8 machine. After the USB stick
has been plugged in (and if no autoplay menu comes up),
you will need to do the following.
Press the Windows key. This should bring up the new metro
menu in Windows 8. Next, type the word computer into the
metro screen, then press the Enter key. This will take you
to the computer section of your computer. For example c:
drive, d: drive and so on.
Next, press the letter Q on your keyboard. This will take
you straight to the drive you had labled beforehand. It
doesn't matter what drive it assigns it, when the letter Q
is pressed, it will take you to that labled drive. Press
the Enter key. This will take you inside of the USB stick.
If the start.bat file was used, without it having been
renamed to qqq.bat, (that is if it was left as the
start.bat file) then press the letter S. This will land
you on the start.bat file. Next, press the Enter key and
NVDA will start up. If you renamed the start.bat file to
qqq.bat, then the letter q would be used instead. Once the
Enter key is pushed then NVDA will start up for you.
If you are using a Windows 8.1 computer when the Windows
key is pushed and the metro screen comes up, you can
either type computer or this pc, and when the Enter key is
pushed it will bring up the screen that has your drives on
your pc. (For example C: drive, d: drive and so on). The
title of this page will be this pc instead of computer as
in Windows 8, as mentioned above.
Just repeat the process as in earlier versions to start
your copy of NVDA from the USB stick. The Windows key and
the letter E should also get you into the same place where
your drives are located. Note this is a Windows shortcut.
This should also work on earlier versions of Windows.
start.bat file to a later version of NVDA
Simply redo the process again (as
mentioned in the section on how to make a start.bat file)
except this time change the line (in the start.bat file
which you renamed to qqq.bat) that refers to the version
of NVDA that you want to start. So, instead of it saying
start nvda_2014.2.exe change that line to start
nvda_2014.3.exe and save the file as described in the
steps given. The start.bat version number must match
the NVDA version number (otherwise this will not work).
The other way to start the copy of NVDA (from off the USB
stick) if the desktop way doesn't work, is to press the
Start button. When the Start menu comes up, it will
automatically default to the search box. In there, type
Computer and press the Enter key. This will take you to
where your drives are located under the computer
section. For example C:\ drive, D:\ drive and so on.
Press the letter Q on your keyboard and the focus will
change to the removable media section and land on the USB
stick (which you labeled with qqq). Press the Enter key
and that will take you inside the USB drive. Press the
letter q again and that will land on the qqq.bat file.
Press the Enter key and NVDA will start up for you with
the same 3 options mentioned before.
Even though this tutorial is another way of starting NVDA
via the desktop NVDA can also be started via the autoplay
menu. For example when it comes up, press the letter O to
open the folder. You may need to push the Enter key to do
this depending how it is set. Next, press the letter Q on
the keyboard and the focus will go to the qqq.bat file.
Press the Enter key and NVDA will start up for you.
to run NVDA with magnification from a USB stick
In this audio tutorial, we will look at
starting NVDA from a usb stick with magnification. The
QZoom magnifier will be used for this demonstration. QZoom
is a full screen magnifier, however it doesn't make the
mouse larger - only the screen. The magnification will
only work with Windows XP and Vista computers. Once it has
been started, you should be able to use NVDA with
magnification on those operating systems. The files you
will need can be found using the following links. For a
zip file please visit the following link https://www.dropbox.com/s/cg41e356ll8qqdh/nvda%20with%20magnification.zip?dl=0
To listen to the audio tutorial please go to https://www.dropbox.com/s/ej2oqa911yabp3h/starting%20nvda%20with%20magnification.MP3?dl=0
If the autoplay menu comes up, you should be able to start
both NVDA and the magnification this way. If it doesn't,
press the Windows key and the letter R to bring up the run
dialogue box. Then, type in (for example) E:\start.bat and
press Enter. If your portable drive is not your E: then
try another drive letter as it will depend on how many
drives your computer has on it as to which one your USB
GlassBrick magnifier from a hard drive or taking
it portable with NVDA
If you would like to
use the GlassBrick magnifier by itself, you can grab a
copy of it from http://www.glassbrick.org
You will need to go to the downloads section and
download a copy of it. You will need a programme like
Winzip or Winrar to unzip it. Windows can also unzip
Once it has been downloaded and
opened, there will be 2 folders and 1 readme file.
One folder is for a 64bit version of GlassBrick for
Windows, and the other is for a 32bit version of
GlassBrick for Windows. When you go to extract it,
it will create its own directory called GlassBrick
1.1 You can put it anywhere on the PC, but to keep
it tidy you can have it come off your C:\ drive, so
that when it is extracted, it will look like this
(for example C:\glassbrick1.1). Then from the
Desktop, make a shortcut to the glassbrick.exe file.
Make sure you put in a shortcut key to start it.
(For example Alt and Ctrl and the letter G). To turn
off the GlassBrick magnifier, it must be done down
on the bottom right of the Desktop in the
notification area. This is also where you can change
settings for the GlassBrick program.
To start the 2 programmes at once (either from your USB
stick or off your hard drive), the runman64.bat or
runman32.bat file is used (as described in the audio
tutorial). If you have any troubles starting the 2
programmes once the USB stick is inserted, you can try
the following combinations. For example, press the
Windows key and the letter R to bring up the run dialog
box. Once it appears, type in e:\runman32.bat and press
enter. If a 64 bit version is used then type in
e:\runman64.bat and if yours is not the e:\ drive,
change the drive letter until it starts up.
the new NVDA package from a CD - giving you three
The following instructions will show you how
to install NVDA onto your computer, using the new NVDA package
(where it gives you 3 options to choose from). The first
option is to install NVDA to your computer, the second option
is to make a portable copy of NVDA for a USB stick or CD, and
the third option allows you to run NVDA as a temporary copy.
This audio tutorial will cover the steps of installing NVDA to
your computer from a CD (if for example someone has given you
a CD with it on it). If for some reason NVDA doesn't start
automatically on your computer, it may be to do with the
following. In the Control Panel (under the autoplay menu) it
may be disabled from starting automatically from a CD or DVD.
This will need to be enabled to work. If for some reason
NVDA doesn't start, you can usually start it in the following
way. Press the Windows key and the letter R together.
This will bring up the run dialogue box. Next, type in the
following d:\start.bat (this is assuming that your CD/DVD
drive is the d drive), then press Enter and NVDA should start
up. If your CD/DVD drive is another letter (for example e:)
then you would type in e:\start.bat Otherwise, it should load
automatically if the CD has been done correctly.
with the NVDA screen reader webpage from a CD
The idea of this tutorial, is to promote the
NVDA screen reader to users who are new to NVDA. Once the
audio instructions below have been followed, and a CD is made,
inserting the CD into a computer should pop up a webpage. This
webpage will be the NVDA screen reader webpage (off the
Accessibility Central website). This is so that people can
learn more about NVDA (such as who made it etcetera). It also
provides links to other useful pages on NVDA to help people
along their way. The CD should also give you three
options. These are to install a copy of NVDA to the computer,
the option to make a portable copy of NVDA on a USB stick, or
the option to simply just run as a temporary copy on that
machine. This CD may give you the three options before
bringing up the webpage. If this is the case, simply press Alt
Tab to get to the NVDA screen reader page (unless of course
people wish to install a copy to their computer first).
This package will be updated on the next release, so all you
have to do is download a copy and burn it from now on.
What to try if
the autoplay menu is not enabled when using the
If you are using a computer which has the
autoplay menu disabled for security reasons, you can try the
following with the NVDA package you have created. Press the
Windows key and the letter R to bring up the run dialogue,
then type in d:\nvda_2012.3.1.exe and press enter and NVDA
will start. When the next version of NVDA comes out and
there is no autoplay menu enabled, do the same as mentioned
before, but change the version number (for example to
to start NVDA from the new package using a USB stick
Below are the steps needed to start NVDA
(using the new package) from a USB stick. This will allow you
to launch the new package from a USB stick if the directions
are followed correctly.
The first step is to make a start.bat file. To do this, open
notepad and when it has loaded, type in the following:
start nvda_2012.3.1.exe then press Enter. The next step
is to save the file and call it start.bat and save it
somewhere easy to find (for example the desktop). Next,
download the latest copy of nvda2012.3.1 and save that to your
desktop or somewhere easy to find. On the nvda2012.3.1 file
once located, press Enter and a security warning message will
come up. The message will tell you who it is from with a run
button at the end when you tab to it.
There will be a little tick box that will need to be unticked
so the message doesn't come up again next time when the file
is opened. Make sure you tab to the run button and press Enter
to go to the next screen. Here you will see a document
you can read. You can read it and then tab to the Agree tick
box. Once you have agreed to it, tab to where it gives you the
3 options (1 to install to your pc, 2 to make a portable copy
and 3 to run as a temporary copy). If you press the Insert key
and the letter N, you can make some changes to the preferences
before saving them. If the third options is used, you can make
changes to your settings. Once done, use the Alt and F4 keys
to close that page.
It is a lot easier to create a folder on your desktop that is
easy to find and put the files into that folder. That way, it
is a matter of highlighting the files and sending them to your
The next step is to move the 2 files to your USB stick. Make
sure the USB stick is blank. Then, it is simply a matter of
unplugging the USB stick, then plugging it back into the USB
hole. An autorun menu will come up. Press the letter O to open
the folder, then press Enter to confirm it. Once the folder is
open, press the letter S to start the start.bat file, then
press Enter again to confirm it. Shortly after, NVDA
should start up giving you the 3 options as mentioned
above. Please note, when the next version of NVDA comes
out and you would like it to work with that version as well,
just repeat the process to make the start.bat file. Only this
time, instead of it saying nvda_2012.3.1, you will need to
change the line to start nvda_2013.1.exe and save that again
as a start.bat. When the next release of NVDA comes out
(for example nvda2013.1), you will need to download the new
package and repeat the process to do with the nvda_2013.1 file
again, so it works correctly. Make sure that you click on the
new file and when the security warning comes up, tab to the
tick box "Do not show this message again" and then tab to the
run button and press Enter. Just repeat the process for the
new NVDA package as mentioned above. If not done
correctly it may not work.
to Windows 10 Using NVDA (courtesy of Shaun Preece and
Cool Blind Tech)
If you are considering upgrading from
Windows 7, 8 or 8.1 to Windows 10, Shaun Preece (from Cool
Blind Tech) has released a podcast on how to update your
version of Windows. This podcast is done using Windows 8.1 and
is a step by step audio guide as to what you can expect when
using NVDA to upgrade to Windows 10.
The following tutorial takes a glance at
Windows 10 with NVDA. If you are considering upgrading to
Windows 10 from Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 8.1, the
tutorial takes a brief look at Windows 10 so that you know
what to expect when (or if) you do finally upgrade.
Please note: The free upgrade to Windows 10 is only available
until July 29th 2016.
to start NVDA 2015.3 from a USB stick on a Windows 10
The following steps
must be done first for NVDA to start from a USB stick. The
USB stick must be labelled. To make it easier to find, the
USB stick was labelled QQQ. Next a copy of NVDA 2015.3 was
put onto the USB stick (for example 2015.3.exe). Make sure
the checkbox that comes up when you click on the file is
unticked. This is the one with the security warning when
you click on the file. When this is unticked, NVDA will
start automatically when the file is clicked on. This will
also give you 3 options (for example: 1 to install a copy
of NVDA to your machine, 2 to make a portable copy for a
USB stick, or 3 to run as a temporary copy).
Next, insert your
USB stick. The autoplay menu will not usually come up, so
don’t count on it. Press the Windows key + the letter E to
bring up file explorer in Windows 10. You cannot access
your USB stick from this section. Shift/tab once. This
will put you into a tree view.
Press the letter Q
once, this will land you on your USB stick. This will not
matter what drive letter it comes up withas you will land
in the right place when you press the letter Q. You will
then have to press the Enter key once. Next, tab once and
you will land inside of your USB stick where your copy of
NVDA is. Press the letter N, so it lands on your copy of
NVDA (for example 2015.3). Press the Enter key, and your
copy of NVDA will start up on the new computer.
Make sure you have no other files/folders
starting with the letter N in the main root directory of the
USB stick as you may not be able to start your copy of NVDA.
If NVDA does not
start up, some of the reasons could be: There is exe
blocking software on that computer, or you may not have
unticked the security box on your copy of NVDA.
To listen to an
audio tutorial on how to start NVDA (via a USB stick) on a
Windows 10 machine, please go to
NVDA can run from a CD on a
Windows 10 machine. You must have NVDA 2015.3 and above
for NVDA to work.
If you do decide to make a CD
version of NVDA you will need to do the following:
Create a folder/directory to put your files into
(for example you could name it CD version of NVDA).While NVDA is
running, make a portable copy of NVDA, and place it into
the folder you have just made. Make sure within the folder
you create a directory/folder called NVDA and have all of
NVDA’s files go into that folder/directory.
Please note: They need to be unzipped into the
folder called CD version of NVDA – and NOT into the NVDA
Download the zip file from the dropbox account and
unzip the contents of the file into your newly created
folder/directory that you named CD version of NVDA. These
files can be obtained from the following dropbox account
Now when you look at the newly
created directory/folder (called CD version of NVDA), you
should see the following: an NVDA folder with files in it,
an autorun.inf file and a start.bat file.
Select the files
and burn them to your CD. After your CD has been burnt, it
should be a matter of putting your newly created NVDA CD
into the DVD drive and shortly after NVDA should start up
on your Windows 10 machine.
Please note: If NVDA doesn’t start up, it may be
because the auto play menu is disabled in Windows 10. You
may need to go into the auto play section and set it to
run or install under the software section. If this is the
case, NVDA can still be started by doing the following:
Press the Windows key + the letter R. This will bring up
the Windows run dialogue box and is only used if the auto
play menu has not been enabled. Next, type in the
following... E:\start.bat then press the Enter key. NVDA
should start up shortly after that.
You might have to try another drive letter if E:\
doesn’t work. For example D:\start.bat or another drive
letter (for example F:\start.bat).
If you would like to update your version of NVDA at
a later date, just redo the process with the updated
version of NVDA (for example using NVDA 2016.1, then you
can burn a new disk).
from a USB stick on a Windows 10 computer
This same idea can be used for a USB
stick as mentioned above for Windows 10. The autorun.inf
file will be of no use though. Make sure the USB stick is
labelled qqq. Next, make a folder called NVDA on the USB
stick and have all of NVDA’s contents put into it. Make
sure the start.bat file is in the root directory/folder of
the USB drive. So, when you look at your USB stick
contents, you will see an NVDA folder with files in it and
a start.bat file. When the USB stick is inserted into your
Windows 10 machine, you will need to press the Windows key
+ the letter E. This will bring up file explorer in
Windows 10. Shift/tab once. This will land you in a tree
view, then press the letter q. This will land you on your
USB stick. Press the Enter key, then tab once. This will
put you inside your USB stick. Press the letter S, so NVDA
lands on the start.bat file, then press the Enter key,
then NVDA will start up for you. The same idea can be done
through the “this PC” section on the tree view (except,
this will mean more steps in order to be able to do the
As an example, when you shift/tab once and land in
the tree view, press the letter T to take you to “this
PC”. Press the Enter key, then tab once. Press the letter
Q, this will land you on your USB stick. Press the Enter
key again, then press the tab key. You will now be inside
your USB stick. Press the letter S, so you land on the
start.bat file, then press the Enter key and NVDA will
start up for you.
version number of NVDA so your file can still
autorun using the above package
If you would like the autorun.inf file to work with the 2013.1
release and beyond, you will need to open the autorun.inf file
with notepad and make a small change (that is you will need to
change the version number) so it works in later versions.
Remember to save it once changed.
For example, if you are running version 2012.3.1 and you
update to 2013.1 when it comes out, where it says:
Simply change the version number... That is, change 2012.3.1
to 2013.1 and leave the rest the same!
It should now look something like this:
In this example we have only used the stable release versions.
Thunderbird email client with NVDA
This audio tutorial will cover the basics of
using the Thunderbird email client with NVDA. This will
include sending and receiving emails, adding people to your
address book, adding attachments to outgoing emails, opening
and saving incoming attachments, moving emails from one folder
to another and so on. You can grab a copy of the Thunderbird
email client from http://www.mozilla.org
and then just look for the Mozilla Thunderbird download. While
you are there, also grab a copy of their browser and some of
their other products.
The audio file can be found at https://www.dropbox.com/s/svsecootg4fmp9y/using%20the%20thunderbird%20email%20client%20with%20nvda.MP3?dl=0
to install the SpeechHub synthesiser package for
NVDA onto your computer
How to make the
SpeechHub synthesiser package go portable with
You will need to download the latest copy of
SpeechHub and install it to your PC. Please make sure to also
install the required add on, so it will work with NVDA.
If you don't have a copy already, you can grab a copy
You can also refer to an earlier audio tutorial on how to
install SpeechHub to your PC (if required) above. While there,
you can read the what's new section on the work that has been
done so far, or you can check out the website in general.
Java 8 users please note:
Even though these audio tutorials have been done for Windows 7
users using Java 7 with SpeechHub; if you would like to use
Java 8 with SpeechHub instead, please take note of the
following information. (This information is ONLY for users of
the portable version of SpeechHub and Java 8).
For Java 7 the folder name is jre7,
leave it as is.
For Java 8 the folder name would vary
and be for example something like jre1.8.0_31
Change the folder name to jre8
Note that the above folder name change
for Java 8 in your portable drive is very important,
otherwise SpeechHub would not work with your portable
Note that some computers have both Java
7 and Java 8 installed; you don't need both on your
portable drive as SpeechHub can work with either. Java 8
How to make the
Speechhub package go portable on a CD with 3
Below will be the steps needed to allow the
Speechhub package to go portable on a CD. It will allow you to
have the following 3 options which are: 1. Installing NVDA to
a PC; 2. Allowing you to make a portable copy of NVDA and save
it to a USB stick; or 3. Simply just running NVDA as a
temporary copy. It will also allow you to use the Speechhub
package while on the move with your chosen voice from that
Make a directory (also known as a folder) and call it
something easy to remember which relates to speechhub going
portable. For example, you could make a new folder on your C:\
and call it something like "speechhub portable".
1. Next, create a folder called 'Applications' within the root
directory of the folder you have just created in the step
above. For example, make sure the 'applications' folder is
within the 'speechhub portable' folder. It should look like
this C:\ speechhub portable\Applications
Note that it is very important that you spell the folder name
Applications correctly - otherwise SpeechHub will not work.
2. Copy the SpeechHub folder installed on your computer to the
latest folder you have just created in Step 2 number 1 (that
is the Application folder).
For example you will need to copy it into C:\ speechhub
You will need to copy the SpeechHub folder from one of the
following directories on your computer. This will depend
if you are running a 32 bit machine or a 64 bit machine.
Optionally copy the Java folder installed on your computer to
the Applications folder you just made beforehand. It should
look like this C:\ speechhub portable\Applications\Java if you
have copied it properly.
SpeechHub needs Java to work. If you are sure that all the
computers used with the portable drive have Java installed,
there is no need for you to perform this step. Otherwise, for
maximum portability, copy the Java folder to the folder you
had made beforehand. For example C:\speechhub
portable\Applications folder. Make sure you copy the 32-bit
version of Java, as 32-bit Java can work with 64-bit computers
but 64-bit Java cannot work with 32-bit computers.
To ensure this, copy from:
C:\Program Files (x86)\Java
C:\ speechhub portable\Applications
C:\ speechhub portable\Applications\Java
Note that some computers have both Java 6 and Java 7
installed; you don't need both on your portable drive as
SpeechHub can work with either.
Download a copy of NVDA and then put it into the main folder
that you created in the first place. For example C:\ speechhub
portable. Please note: it must be in the root directory of
this folder. That is C:\ speechhub portable. For example the
NVDA_2014.2.exe file will have to be clicked on, and then a
check box will appear (like a security dialog) that says show
this at Startup. Uncheck this, then tab to the run button and
press Enter. When the next screen comes up, you should get a
licence agreement screen. Tick the checkbox with the spacebar,
then tab to the next screen where it gives you the three
options. Make any changes to NVDA that you would like using
the temporary copy and then save the changes. Finally close
the screen altogether with Alt + F4.
This zip file contains both the files that are needed. Unzip
these files and put them into the directory you had first
created for this project. For example C:\ speechhub portable.
One file will be an autorun.inf file and the other will be a
Now, when you look at the directory you created in the first
place you should see the following: C:\ speechhub
portable\Applications with both the SpeechHub folder in it, as
well as the Java folder. You will see the other 3 files there
in the main folder as well. For example C:\ autorun.inf file,
the start.bat file and also the NVDA_2014.2.exe file. Any NVDA
version can be used for this purpose. This however will have
to be modified in the start.bat file. Don't worry, directions
will be given for this purpose!
Highlight the files and folders within the speechhub portable
folder For example C:\ speechhub portable and then send them
to your DVD burner and follow the steps until the CD is burnt
or the files are sent to the CD-RW disk. If you would like to
make changes on the CD, make sure you use a CD-RW (compact
disk re-writable) disk and this will allow you to do this at
any time. It will not allow you to do this if a CDR is used.
Once the CD has been created, it is simply a matter of just
putting back in the CD and NVDA and the SpeechHub package
should work. If not, you may need to check your autoplay
settings in the control panel. You should be able to use NVDA
as usual along with the SpeechHub package while on the move.
To listen to the audio tutorial on how this is done please go
to the following link (care: the link for the SpeechHub audio
tutorial is coming soon)
The files needed to make NVDA and SpeechHub work using an auto
run file from a CD are available in Step 5 above.
(In the zip file are an autorun.inf file as well as a
start.bat file). These will need to be pasted into the
following directory (as an example C:\ speechhub portable).
start.bat file to run a later version of NVDA
Please note, if you would like a later
version of NVDA to work along with the SpeechHub package, the
start.bat file will need to be modified. You will need a
programme like notepad that comes with all Windows machines.
Assume that your current start.bat relates to start
Locate Notepad, open it up and put in the following
Once modified, save this file as start.bat (Basically, you are
modifying the start.bat file and telling it to look to a later
version of NVDA).
Copy this modified bat file into the main root
directory/folder. For example C:\ speechhub portable
At a later date if you want to update your version of NVDA say
to an even newer release, the start.bat file will have to be
modified again. This is so the new version works with the NVDA
package as well as the SpeechHub package on CD.
To listen to the audio tutorial on how this is done please go
to the following link (care: the link to the files required is
coming soon). Also, the start.bat file will relate to NVDA
2014.2 and will have to be updated as needed to work on later
versions as explained above).
For the most up to date link for Nuance
Vocaliser voices, please refer to the section called
Supported Speech Synthesisers in the NVDA user manual.
Please note, unless things change, if you download it on the
1st day of the month you will have about 2 weeks to trial
the voices. After this time (around the 14th or 16th of the
month), the voices will not work until you download them
again on the 1st of the following month.
to turn off the user account control settings (also
known as UAC) in Windows 7
Most people are unaware that Windows
Defender comes with their operating system. It was introduced
into the Vista operating system and thereafter (for example
Windows 7 and 8). Windows Defender can be found under the
Control Panel section in Windows.
Once located, you can send a shortcut to your Desktop. You
will need to route the mouse to this shortcut. Use the Insert
key and the divide key on the numeric keypad to do this. Once
the mouse has been routed to the Windows Defender shortcut,
you will need to right click the mouse so a context menu comes
up. This is done with the multiply key on the numeric keypad
(that is the * key). You will then need to arrow down to
"create shortcut menu" and press the Enter key. This will put
a shortcut called Windows Defender on your desktop. This way
(by having a shortcut on your desktop) it will make it a lot
easier to scan for viruses etcetera on your computer.
Windows Defender may have to be turned on so you will need to
enable it when you first go into the Windows Defender screen
(once the shortcut has been located). When Windows defender
has been enabled (in most cases) you will be using the Tab key
to go between sections. Also, the arrow keys will be used to
go between sections of each page. You may have to experiment
with navigating around the different screens available to you
there. The home button will get you back to the main page.
How to clean up
your computer with Windows Disk Cleanup utility
It is a good idea to have a little bit of a
clean up now and again on a computer. Windows provides its own
disk clean up utility. It is worth going through it now and
again to see what temp files and so on can be removed from
your computer (that are just sitting there and taking up
space). The disk clean up utility can be found under the
accessories/system tools section in Windows. To locate this
quickly, you may also enter the words disk cleanup in the
search box under the Start menu in Windows 7. The tab
key and arrow keys will be used in this programme to move
around it. To listen to the audio tutorial please go to https://www.dropbox.com/s/hop0esvr92jvj3w/how%20to%20clean%20up%20your%20computer%20with%20windows%20disk%20cleanup%20utility.MP3?dl=0
to remove a programme from your computer
There are times when you have downloaded
programmes off the internet only to find they don't work with
your screen reader, or there are programmes on your computer
that you don't use any more. If these programmes are of no use
any more, you might as well remove them (so you can free up
more disk space on your computer).
To remove a programme from your computer, you will need to go
to the control panel. Next, you will need to locate a section
called programmes and features. Press the Enter key to open
it. You will need to let the list populate with all of the
programmes on your computer. Next, you will need to locate the
programme you want to uninstall from your computer (for
example Google chrome). You can quickly jump down to this
programme you want to uninstall by pressing the letter G. Keep
doing this until you have located the Google chrome programme
or whichever programme you want to uninstall. If this is the
case then another letter will be used (for example press O for
Open Office or whatever the programme name begins with). Next,
route your mouse to the programme you want to uninstall from
the list. To do this use the Insert key and the divide key
which can be found on the numeric keypad. You should hear the
name of the programme being spoken out to you. Next, you will
have to right click the mouse. To simulate this with NVDA you
use the multiply key on the numeric keypad (this is the *
above the number 9). A context menu will come up, then arrow
down to uninstall and press the Enter key and simply
follow the directions until it is uninstalled.
Sometimes programmes will leave folders/settings behind on
your computer. To remove these from your computer as well,
locate your computer icon on your desktop and press the Enter
key. It will give you a selection of the drives on your
computer. Locate the C:\ drive and press the Enter key again.
When the next screen comes up, press the letter P to either
jump down to programme files if you are using a 32 bit
machine, or programme files x86 if you are using a 64 bit
machine. Locate the folder name if any (for example Google
chrome) then delete it from your computer. Once done, close
this screen with the Alt + F4 keys.
You can also check under the following area as well. Press the
Windows key and the letter R to bring up the Windows Run
dialog box, or alternatively you can press the Windows
key and enter the following into the search box when it comes
up instead to get the same results... Type in the following
%appdata% Next, press the Enter key. It will give you a
list of folders and their settings in this section. Locate the
folder (if it is there) and delete it. If none can be
found, then you are right to go. Close this screen with the
Alt key and the F4 key. This is a Windows command.